I have always enjoyed reading Penny Ur's books about language teaching. Penny is well-known in the field of English language teaching (EFL) and has recently retired from full-time teaching. This slim volume, part of the Cambridge Handbooks for Language Teachers, is rich in wisdom, expressed in an informal and lucid fashion.
The 100 tips, one per page, are divided into 18 sections, covering topics such as: starts and ends, using coursebooks, games, grammar, group work, discipline, homework, listening, pronunciation and teacher talk.
Penny is at pains to say that she is not prescriptive about the points she makes, but almost everything she writes makes great sense to me as a fellow teacher of long experience. She is clearly a methodological pragmatist, noting, for instance, that you need not be dogmatic about target language use - translating a word can be far more efficient that spending ages trying to explain it with definitions and synonyms.
I like her claim that "vocabulary is the most important thing to teach". She writes;
"When I started teaching I was told: 'Don't bother about teaching vocabulary, they'll pick it up, grammatical patterns are the priority' (this was the heyday of audio-lingualism). Big mistake! Huge!"
I can identify with that, no doubt having emerged as a teacher in a similar era.
Incidentally, as far as vocabulary is concerned, she mentions the importance of teaching chunks of language, not juts isolated words. She also argues that you sometimes have to teach words out of context. For example, she writes that if you simply write up a word on the board, pronounce it clearly, explain and translate it, students are more likely to remember it than if you just deal with it more briefly in context. This is an example of a teacher having learned through experience that there is no one way to teach a language and you should be wary of dogmatism.
Penny makes it clear at various points in the book how important it is to recycle language in different ways. She even suggests that when selectively using a text book (the best way), there is nothing wrong in doing the same exercise twice, varying the execution slightly. (I compare this to a piece of music where the skilled composer repeats the same phrase but alters it slightly the second time round to hold the listener's interest.)
This book is packed with little 'tips of the trade' which should be of interest to both new teachers and those with experience. Don't worry that Penny's background in EFL; almost all the advice holds true for modern language teachers.
I very much like her postscript page entitled 'Do your own thing.' I found myself by coincidence writing an identically titled blog a few weeks ago. She writes;
"Your main source of expertise has to be your own experience and experimenting - the more the better - supplemented by student feedback and discussions with colleagues or interactions with other teachers at conferences or online."
Penny concludes by saying that teaching should be fun and leave you with a 'smiley' feeling. Doing your own thing should help you achieve this.
This little book is excellent. It would be a super addition to your departmental library.
If you are interested, here is Penny Ur talking about her book, which is published by Cambridge and costs £8.99 from Amazon.